C++ activemq CMS 学习笔记.


很早前就仓促的接触过activemq,但当时太赶时间.后面发现activemq 需要了解的东西实在是太多了.

关于activemq 一直想起一遍文章.但也一直缺少自己的见解.或许是网上这些文章太多了.也可能是自己知识还不足够.

 

 

0,activemq-cpp 能解决什么问题.

实际应用就是让开发者能从多线程,多消息通信中解救出来.更多的关注应用逻辑.

CMS (stands for C++ Messaging Service) is a JMS-like API for C++ for interfacing with Message Brokers such as Apache ActiveMQ. CMS helps to make your C++ client code much neater and easier to follow. To get a better feel for CMS try the API Reference. ActiveMQ-CPP is a client only library, a message broker such as Apache ActiveMQ is still needed for your clients to communicate.

Our implementation of CMS is called ActiveMQ-CPP, which has an architecture that allows for pluggable transports and wire formats. Currently we support the OpenWire and Stomp protocols, both over TCP and SSL, we also now support a Failover Transport for more reliable client operation. In addition to CMS, ActiveMQ-CPP also provides a robust set of classes that support platform independent constructs such as threading, I/O, sockets, etc. You may find many of these utilities very useful, such as a Java like Thread class or the “synchronized” macro that let’s you use a Java-like synchronization on any object that implements the activemq::concurrent::Synchronizable interface. ActiveMQ-CPP is released under the Apache 2.0 License

大意:

CMS (C++ 消息 服务)是一个面象apache activemq 的 消息 中间层的C++接口.

CMS的实现 叫做activemq-cpp ,不过当前只支持 openwire,amqp,TCP,ssl. 现在还支持 主备切换功能(这个是重点,当时我不懂,结果就走了弯路!_!).

-_- ,意思是 activemq\conf\activemq.xml中的stomp,mqtt,ws 是没办法的.

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<transportConnectors>
<!-- DOS protection, limit concurrent connections to 1000 and frame size to 100MB -->
<transportConnector name="openwire" uri="tcp://0.0.0.0:61616?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>
<transportConnector name="amqp" uri="amqp://0.0.0.0:5672?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>
<transportConnector name="stomp" uri="stomp://0.0.0.0:61613?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>
<transportConnector name="mqtt" uri="mqtt://0.0.0.0:1883?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>
<transportConnector name="ws" uri="ws://0.0.0.0:61614?maximumConnections=1000&amp;wireFormat.maxFrameSize=104857600"/>
</transportConnectors>
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1,acticvemq-cpp 的配置使用.

参考:Active MQ  C++实现通讯 http://blog.csdn.net/lee353086/article/details/6777261

 

activemq-cpp下载地址:

http://activemq.apache.org/cms/download.html

相关依赖库

在 http://activemq.apache.org/cms/building.html  中是有介绍的.不过是en的.

还是再说下吧.本人en也特差.

“With versions of ActiveMQ-CPP 2.2 and later, we have a dependency on the Apache Portable Runtime project. You’ll need to install APR on your system before you’ll be able to build ActiveMQ-CPP.”

“The package contains a complete set of CppUnit tests. In order for you to build an run the tests, you will need to download and install the CppUnit library. See http://cppunit.sourceforge.net/cppunit-wiki”

所以就包含了:apr,apr-iconv,apr-util,cppunit.

 

http://mirrors.hust.edu.cn/apache/apr/

中可以下载 apr,apr-iconv,apr-util(版本号都找最高的,不要一高一低,不然编译会出问题).

apr-1.5.1-win32-src.zip,

apr-iconv-1.2.1-win32-src-r2.zip,

apr-util-1.5.4-win32-src.zip.

 

解压后记得重命令文件夹,去掉版本号,改成如下图,不然工程编译时默认的 [附加包含目录] 是找不到的.

所有文件夹放在一个根目录下.

 

打开  activemq-cpp-library\vs2008-build\activemq-cpp.sln

依次添加[现在项目]:libapr.vcproj,libapriconv.vcproj,libaprutil.vcproj. 只需要lib项就行了.

 

最后项目图:

 

libapriconv.vcproj,libaprutil.vcproj 的[项目依赖项]都需要libapr

 

activemq-cpp 的[项目依赖项]需要libapriconv,libaprutil,libapr.

activemq-cpp 的[附加包含目录] 需要包含 这三个的的include目录.

 

经过漫长的编译后,

 

这个大lib文件就出来.

activemq-cpp-example 这个工程 ,就有 hello world 的代码.

 

2,activemq-cpp-example 项目代码解析.

通过这个项目可以让我们更好的认识 activemq-cpp的结构.

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复制代码
/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

// START SNIPPET: demo

#include <activemq/library/ActiveMQCPP.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Thread.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Runnable.h>
#include <decaf/util/concurrent/CountDownLatch.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Integer.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Long.h>
#include <decaf/lang/System.h>
#include <activemq/core/ActiveMQConnectionFactory.h>
#include <activemq/util/Config.h>
#include <cms/Connection.h>
#include <cms/Session.h>
#include <cms/TextMessage.h>
#include <cms/BytesMessage.h>
#include <cms/MapMessage.h>
#include <cms/ExceptionListener.h>
#include <cms/MessageListener.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>

using namespace activemq::core;
using namespace decaf::util::concurrent;
using namespace decaf::util;
using namespace decaf::lang;
using namespace cms;
using namespace std;

class HelloWorldProducer : public Runnable {
private:

    Connection* connection;
    Session* session;
    Destination* destination;
    MessageProducer* producer;
    int numMessages;
    bool useTopic;
    bool sessionTransacted;
    std::string brokerURI;

private:

    HelloWorldProducer(const HelloWorldProducer&);
    HelloWorldProducer& operator=(const HelloWorldProducer&);

public:

    HelloWorldProducer(const std::string& brokerURI, int numMessages, bool useTopic = false, bool sessionTransacted = false) :
        connection(NULL),
        session(NULL),
        destination(NULL),
        producer(NULL),
        numMessages(numMessages),
        useTopic(useTopic),
        sessionTransacted(sessionTransacted),
        brokerURI(brokerURI) {
    }

    virtual ~HelloWorldProducer(){
        cleanup();
    }

    void close() {
        this->cleanup();
    }

    virtual void run() {

        try {

            // Create a ConnectionFactory
            auto_ptr<ConnectionFactory> connectionFactory(
                ConnectionFactory::createCMSConnectionFactory(brokerURI));

            // Create a Connection
            connection = connectionFactory->createConnection();
            connection->start();

            // Create a Session
            if (this->sessionTransacted) {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::SESSION_TRANSACTED);
            } else {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            }

            // Create the destination (Topic or Queue)
            if (useTopic) {
                destination = session->createTopic("TEST.FOO");
            } else {
                destination = session->createQueue("TEST.FOO");
            }

            // Create a MessageProducer from the Session to the Topic or Queue
            producer = session->createProducer(destination);
            producer->setDeliveryMode(DeliveryMode::NON_PERSISTENT);

            // Create the Thread Id String
            string threadIdStr = Long::toString(Thread::currentThread()->getId());

            // Create a messages
            string text = (string) "Hello world! from thread " + threadIdStr;

            for (int ix = 0; ix < numMessages; ++ix) {
                std::auto_ptr<TextMessage> message(session->createTextMessage(text));
                message->setIntProperty("Integer", ix);
                printf("Sent message #%d from thread %s\n", ix + 1, threadIdStr.c_str());
                producer->send(message.get());
            }

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

private:

    void cleanup() {

        if (connection != NULL) {
            try {
                connection->close();
            } catch (cms::CMSException& ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        // Destroy resources.
        try {
            delete destination;
            destination = NULL;
            delete producer;
            producer = NULL;
            delete session;
            session = NULL;
            delete connection;
            connection = NULL;
        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
};

class HelloWorldConsumer : public ExceptionListener,
                           public MessageListener,
                           public Runnable {

private:

    CountDownLatch latch;
    CountDownLatch doneLatch;
    Connection* connection;
    Session* session;
    Destination* destination;
    MessageConsumer* consumer;
    long waitMillis;
    bool useTopic;
    bool sessionTransacted;
    std::string brokerURI;

private:

    HelloWorldConsumer(const HelloWorldConsumer&);
    HelloWorldConsumer& operator=(const HelloWorldConsumer&);

public:

    HelloWorldConsumer(const std::string& brokerURI, int numMessages, bool useTopic = false, bool sessionTransacted = false, int waitMillis = 30000) :
        latch(1),
        doneLatch(numMessages),
        connection(NULL),
        session(NULL),
        destination(NULL),
        consumer(NULL),
        waitMillis(waitMillis),
        useTopic(useTopic),
        sessionTransacted(sessionTransacted),
        brokerURI(brokerURI) {
    }

    virtual ~HelloWorldConsumer() {
        cleanup();
    }

    void close() {
        this->cleanup();
    }

    void waitUntilReady() {
        latch.await();
    }

    virtual void run() {

        try {

            // Create a ConnectionFactory
            auto_ptr<ConnectionFactory> connectionFactory(
                ConnectionFactory::createCMSConnectionFactory(brokerURI));

            // Create a Connection
            connection = connectionFactory->createConnection();
            connection->start();
            connection->setExceptionListener(this);

            // Create a Session
            if (this->sessionTransacted == true) {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::SESSION_TRANSACTED);
            } else {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            }

            // Create the destination (Topic or Queue)
            if (useTopic) {
                destination = session->createTopic("TEST.FOO");
            } else {
                destination = session->createQueue("TEST.FOO");
            }

            // Create a MessageConsumer from the Session to the Topic or Queue
            consumer = session->createConsumer(destination);

            consumer->setMessageListener(this);

            std::cout.flush();
            std::cerr.flush();

            // Indicate we are ready for messages.
            latch.countDown();

            // Wait while asynchronous messages come in.
            doneLatch.await(waitMillis);

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            // Indicate we are ready for messages.
            latch.countDown();
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    // Called from the consumer since this class is a registered MessageListener.
    virtual void onMessage(const Message* message) {

        static int count = 0;

        try {
            count++;
            const TextMessage* textMessage = dynamic_cast<const TextMessage*> (message);
            string text = "";

            if (textMessage != NULL) {
                text = textMessage->getText();
            } else {
                text = "NOT A TEXTMESSAGE!";
            }

            printf("Message #%d Received: %s\n", count, text.c_str());

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        // Commit all messages.
        if (this->sessionTransacted) {
            session->commit();
        }

        // No matter what, tag the count down latch until done.
        doneLatch.countDown();
    }

    // If something bad happens you see it here as this class is also been
    // registered as an ExceptionListener with the connection.
    virtual void onException(const CMSException& ex AMQCPP_UNUSED) {
        printf("CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client.\n");
        ex.printStackTrace();
        exit(1);
    }

private:

    void cleanup() {
        if (connection != NULL) {
            try {
                connection->close();
            } catch (cms::CMSException& ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        // Destroy resources.
        try {
            delete destination;
            destination = NULL;
            delete consumer;
            consumer = NULL;
            delete session;
            session = NULL;
            delete connection;
            connection = NULL;
        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
};

int main(int argc AMQCPP_UNUSED, char* argv[] AMQCPP_UNUSED) {

    activemq::library::ActiveMQCPP::initializeLibrary();
    {
    std::cout << "=====================================================\n";
    std::cout << "Starting the example:" << std::endl;
    std::cout << "-----------------------------------------------------\n";


    // Set the URI to point to the IP Address of your broker.
    // add any optional params to the url to enable things like
    // tightMarshalling or tcp logging etc.  See the CMS web site for
    // a full list of configuration options.
    //
    //  http://activemq.apache.org/cms/
    //
    // Wire Format Options:
    // =========================
    // Use either stomp or openwire, the default ports are different for each
    //
    // Examples:
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61616                      default to openwire
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61616?wireFormat=openwire  same as above
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61613?wireFormat=stomp     use stomp instead
    //
    // SSL:
    // =========================
    // To use SSL you need to specify the location of the trusted Root CA or the
    // certificate for the broker you want to connect to.  Using the Root CA allows
    // you to use failover with multiple servers all using certificates signed by
    // the trusted root.  If using client authentication you also need to specify
    // the location of the client Certificate.
    //
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.keyStore", "<path>/client.pem" );
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.keyStorePassword", "password" );
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.trustStore", "<path>/rootCA.pem" );
    //
    // The you just specify the ssl transport in the URI, for example:
    //
    //     ssl://localhost:61617
    //
    std::string brokerURI =
        "failover:(tcp://localhost:61616"
//        "?wireFormat=openwire"
//        "&transport.useInactivityMonitor=false"
//        "&connection.alwaysSyncSend=true"
//        "&connection.useAsyncSend=true"
//        "?transport.commandTracingEnabled=true"
//        "&transport.tcpTracingEnabled=true"
//        "&wireFormat.tightEncodingEnabled=true"
        ")";

    //============================================================
    // set to true to use topics instead of queues
    // Note in the code above that this causes createTopic or
    // createQueue to be used in both consumer an producer.
    //============================================================
    bool useTopics = true;
    bool sessionTransacted = false;
    int numMessages = 2000;

    long long startTime = System::currentTimeMillis();

    HelloWorldProducer producer(brokerURI, numMessages, useTopics);
        HelloWorldConsumer consumer(brokerURI, numMessages, useTopics, sessionTransacted);

    // Start the consumer thread.
    Thread consumerThread(&consumer);
    consumerThread.start();

    // Wait for the consumer to indicate that its ready to go.
    consumer.waitUntilReady();

    // Start the producer thread.
    Thread producerThread(&producer);
    producerThread.start();

    // Wait for the threads to complete.
    producerThread.join();
    consumerThread.join();

    long long endTime = System::currentTimeMillis();
    double totalTime = (double)(endTime - startTime) / 1000.0;

    consumer.close();
    producer.close();

    std::cout << "Time to completion = " << totalTime << " seconds." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "-----------------------------------------------------\n";
    std::cout << "Finished with the example." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "=====================================================\n";

    }
    activemq::library::ActiveMQCPP::shutdownLibrary();
}

// END SNIPPET: demo
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复制代码

从main()开始吧.

 

 

 

这样便简快速的实现了应用逻辑.

 

 

3,activemq的几种通信模式.

可以参考:

http://shmilyaw-hotmail-com.iteye.com/blog/1897635

 

目前本人需要的是activemq-cpp的 request-response 模式.

 

 

 

4,activemq-cpp的 request-response 模式的应用.

服务器与客户端通信 数据的交互 和 确认.

 

以下是本人修改后的简单代码,bug可能存在,请指出.

 

复制两份,一份定义 USE_COMSUMER 一份定义 USE_PRODUCER 就可以生成.

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/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

// START SNIPPET: demo

#include <activemq/library/ActiveMQCPP.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Thread.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Runnable.h>
#include <decaf/util/concurrent/CountDownLatch.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Integer.h>
#include <decaf/lang/Long.h>
#include <decaf/lang/System.h>
#include <activemq/core/ActiveMQConnectionFactory.h>
#include <activemq/util/Config.h>
#include <cms/Connection.h>
#include <cms/Session.h>
#include <cms/TextMessage.h>
#include <cms/BytesMessage.h>
#include <cms/MapMessage.h>
#include <cms/ExceptionListener.h>
#include <cms/MessageListener.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>

#include <decaf/util/Random.h>

using namespace activemq::core;
using namespace decaf::util::concurrent;
using namespace decaf::util;
using namespace decaf::lang;
using namespace cms;
using namespace std;

#define  QUEUE_NAME    "eventQueue"
#define NAME_BYTE_LEN        16

class HelloWorldProducer : public ExceptionListener,
                            public MessageListener,
                            public Runnable {
private:
    CountDownLatch latch;
    CountDownLatch doneLatch;
    Connection* connection;
    Session* session;
    Destination* destination;
    MessageProducer* producer;
    int numMessages;
    bool useTopic;
    bool sessionTransacted;
    std::string brokerURI;
    bool bReciveMessage;
    long waitMillis;

private:

    HelloWorldProducer(const HelloWorldProducer&);
    HelloWorldProducer& operator=(const HelloWorldProducer&);

public:

    HelloWorldProducer(const std::string& brokerURI, int numMessages, bool useTopic = false, bool sessionTransacted = false,
        long waitMillis=3000) :
        latch(1),
        doneLatch(numMessages),  
        connection(NULL),
        session(NULL),
        destination(NULL),
        producer(NULL),
        numMessages(numMessages),
        useTopic(useTopic),
        sessionTransacted(sessionTransacted),
        brokerURI(brokerURI) ,
        bReciveMessage(false),
        waitMillis(waitMillis)
        { }

    virtual ~HelloWorldProducer(){
        cleanup();
    }

    void close() {
        this->cleanup();
    }
    
    void waitUntilReady() {
        latch.await();
    }

    virtual void run() {

        try {

            // Create a ConnectionFactory
            auto_ptr<ConnectionFactory> connectionFactory(
                ConnectionFactory::createCMSConnectionFactory(brokerURI));

            // Create a Connection
            connection = connectionFactory->createConnection();
            connection->start();

            // Create a Session
            if (this->sessionTransacted) {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::SESSION_TRANSACTED);
            } else {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            }
            
            session = connection->createSession();
            // Create the destination (Topic or Queue)
            if (useTopic) {
                destination = session->createTopic(QUEUE_NAME);
            } else {
                destination = session->createQueue(QUEUE_NAME);
            }

            // Create a MessageProducer from the Session to the Topic or Queue
            producer = session->createProducer(destination);
            producer->setDeliveryMode(DeliveryMode::NON_PERSISTENT);

            // Create the Thread Id String
            string threadIdStr = Long::toString(Thread::currentThread()->getId());

            // Create a messages
            string text = (string) "Hello world! from thread " + threadIdStr;

            for (int ix = 0; ix < numMessages; ++ix) {
                std::auto_ptr<TextMessage> message(session->createTextMessage(text));
                
                //关键消息...
                std::auto_ptr<Destination> tempDest(session->createTemporaryQueue());

                //cms::Destination tempDest=session->createTemporaryTopic() ; 
                MessageConsumer * responseConsumer = session->createConsumer(tempDest.get());  
                responseConsumer->setMessageListener(this);//监听...


                message->setCMSReplyTo(tempDest.get());
                Random random;
                char buffer[NAME_BYTE_LEN]={0};
                random.nextBytes((unsigned char *)buffer,NAME_BYTE_LEN);
                string correlationId="";
                for(int i=0;i<NAME_BYTE_LEN;++i)
                {
                    char ch[NAME_BYTE_LEN*2]={0};
                    sprintf(ch,"%02X",(unsigned char)buffer[i]);
                    string str(ch);

                    correlationId+=str;
                }

                message->setCMSCorrelationID(correlationId);

                message->setIntProperty("Integer", ix);
                printf("Producer Sent message #%d from thread %s\n", ix + 1, threadIdStr.c_str());
                producer->send(message.get());

                // Indicate we are ready for messages.
                latch.countDown();

                // Wait while asynchronous messages come in.
                doneLatch.await(waitMillis);

            } 
        }    
        catch (CMSException& e) {
            printf("Producer run() CMSException \n" );
                // Indicate we are ready for messages.
                latch.countDown();
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

    
        }
        

    // Called from the Producer since this class is a registered MessageListener.
    virtual void onMessage(const Message* message) {

        static int count = 0;

        try {
            count++;
            const TextMessage* textMessage = dynamic_cast<const TextMessage*> (message);
            //ActiveMQMessageTransformation
            //std::auto_ptr<TextMessage> responsemessage(session->createTextMessage());
            //responsemessage->setCMSCorrelationID(textMessage->getCMSCorrelationID());
            //responsemessage->getCMSReplyTo()

            string text = "";

            if (textMessage != NULL) {
                text = textMessage->getText();
            } else {
                text = "NOT A TEXTMESSAGE!";
            }

            printf("Producer Message #%d Received: %s\n", count, text.c_str());


            //producer.send

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            printf("Producer onMessage() CMSException \n" );
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        // Commit all messages.
        if (this->sessionTransacted) {
            session->commit();
        }

        // No matter what, tag the count down latch until done.
        doneLatch.countDown();
    }

    // If something bad happens you see it here as this class is also been
    // registered as an ExceptionListener with the connection.
    virtual void onException(const CMSException& ex AMQCPP_UNUSED) {
        printf("Producer onException() CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client. \n" );
        ex.printStackTrace();
        exit(1);
    }


private:

    void cleanup() {

        if (connection != NULL) {
            try {
                connection->close();
            } catch (cms::CMSException& ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        // Destroy resources.
        try {
            delete destination;
            destination = NULL;
            delete producer;
            producer = NULL;
            delete session;
            session = NULL;
            delete connection;
            connection = NULL;
        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
};

class HelloWorldConsumer : public ExceptionListener,
                           public MessageListener,
                           public Runnable {

private:

    CountDownLatch latch;
    CountDownLatch doneLatch;
    Connection* connection;
    Session* session;
    Destination* destination;
    MessageConsumer* consumer;
    MessageProducer *producer;
    long waitMillis;
    bool useTopic;
    bool sessionTransacted;
    std::string brokerURI;

private:

    HelloWorldConsumer(const HelloWorldConsumer&);
    HelloWorldConsumer& operator=(const HelloWorldConsumer&);

public:

    HelloWorldConsumer(const std::string& brokerURI, int numMessages, bool useTopic = false, bool sessionTransacted = false, int waitMillis = 30000) :
        latch(1),
        doneLatch(numMessages),
        connection(NULL),
        session(NULL),
        destination(NULL),
        consumer(NULL),
        producer(NULL),
        waitMillis(waitMillis),
        useTopic(useTopic),
        sessionTransacted(sessionTransacted),
        brokerURI(brokerURI) {
    }

    virtual ~HelloWorldConsumer() {
        cleanup();
    }

    void close() {
        this->cleanup();
    }

    void waitUntilReady() {
        latch.await();
    }

    virtual void run() {

        try {

            // Create a ConnectionFactory
            auto_ptr<ConnectionFactory> connectionFactory(
                ConnectionFactory::createCMSConnectionFactory(brokerURI));

            // Create a Connection
            connection = connectionFactory->createConnection();
            connection->start();
            connection->setExceptionListener(this);

            // Create a Session
            if (this->sessionTransacted == true) {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::SESSION_TRANSACTED);
            } else {
                session = connection->createSession(Session::AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
            }

            // Create the destination (Topic or Queue)
            if (useTopic) {
                destination = session->createTopic(QUEUE_NAME);
            } else {
                destination = session->createQueue(QUEUE_NAME);
            }

            producer = session->createProducer();
            producer->setDeliveryMode(DeliveryMode::NON_PERSISTENT);

            // Create a MessageConsumer from the Session to the Topic or Queue
            consumer = session->createConsumer(destination);

            consumer->setMessageListener(this);

            std::cout.flush();
            std::cerr.flush();

            // Indicate we are ready for messages.
            latch.countDown();

            // Wait while asynchronous messages come in.
            doneLatch.await();

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            printf("Consumer onException() CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client. \n" );
            // Indicate we are ready for messages.
            latch.countDown();
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    // Called from the consumer since this class is a registered MessageListener.
    virtual void onMessage(const Message* message) {

        static int count = 0;

        try {
            count++;
            
            
            // Create the Thread Id String
            string threadIdStr = Long::toString(Thread::currentThread()->getId());

            static bool bPrintf=true;
            if(bPrintf)
            {
                bPrintf=false;
                printf("consumer Message threadid: %s\n",  threadIdStr.c_str());
            }

            string strReply="consumer return  xxx,ThreadID="+threadIdStr;
            const TextMessage* textMessage = dynamic_cast<const TextMessage*> (message);
            
            if(NULL==textMessage)
            {
                printf("NULL==textMessage", message->getCMSType().c_str());


                //const cms::MapMessage* mapMsg = dynamic_cast<const cms::MapMessage*>(message);
                //if(mapMsg)
                //{
                //    
                //    std::vector<std::string> elements = mapMsg->getMapNames();
                //    std::vector<std::string>::iterator iter = elements.begin();
                //    for(; iter != elements.end() ; ++iter) 
                //    {
                //        std::string key = *iter;
                //        cms::Message::ValueType elementType = mapMsg->getValueType(key);
                //        string strxxx;
                //        int cc=0;
                //        switch(elementType) {
                //    case cms::Message::BOOLEAN_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setBoolean(key, mapMsg->getBoolean(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::BYTE_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setByte(key, mapMsg->getByte(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::BYTE_ARRAY_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setBytes(key, mapMsg->getBytes(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::CHAR_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setChar(key, mapMsg->getChar(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::SHORT_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setShort(key, mapMsg->getShort(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::INTEGER_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setInt(key, mapMsg->getInt(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::LONG_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setLong(key, mapMsg->getLong(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::FLOAT_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setFloat(key, mapMsg->getFloat(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::DOUBLE_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setDouble(key, mapMsg->getDouble(key));
                //        break;
                //    case cms::Message::STRING_TYPE:
                //        //msg->setString(key, mapMsg->getString(key));
                //        strxxx=mapMsg->getString(key);
                //        cc=1;
                //        break;
                //    default:
                //        break;
                //        }
                //    }

                //}

                return;
            }

            std::auto_ptr<TextMessage> responsemessage(session->createTextMessage(strReply));
            responsemessage->setCMSCorrelationID(textMessage->getCMSCorrelationID());
            
            
            string text = "";

            if (textMessage != NULL) {
                text = textMessage->getText();
            } else {
                text = "NOT A TEXTMESSAGE!";
            }
            
            int nProPerty=textMessage->getIntProperty("Integer");
            printf("consumer Message #%d Received: %s,nProPerty[%d]\n", count, text.c_str(),nProPerty);
            
            
            const cms::Destination* destSend=textMessage->getCMSReplyTo();
            if(destSend)
            {
                this->producer->send(destSend,responsemessage.get());

                printf("consumer Message #%d send: %s\n", count, strReply.c_str());
            }
            

        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            printf("Consumer onMessage() CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client. \n" );
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        // Commit all messages.
        if (this->sessionTransacted) {
            session->commit();
        }

        // No matter what, tag the count down latch until done.
        //doneLatch.countDown();
    }

    // If something bad happens you see it here as this class is also been
    // registered as an ExceptionListener with the connection.
    virtual void onException(const CMSException& ex AMQCPP_UNUSED) {
        printf("Consumer onException() CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client. \n" );
        //printf("CMS Exception occurred.  Shutting down client.\n");
        ex.printStackTrace();
        exit(1);
    }

private:

    void cleanup() {
        if (connection != NULL) {
            try {
                connection->close();
            } catch (cms::CMSException& ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        // Destroy resources.
        try {
            delete destination;
            destination = NULL;
            delete consumer;
            consumer = NULL;
            delete session;
            session = NULL;
            delete connection;
            connection = NULL;
        } catch (CMSException& e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
};

int main(int argc AMQCPP_UNUSED, char* argv[] AMQCPP_UNUSED) {

    //if(argc<2)
    //{
    //    printf("argc<2\r\n");
    //    return 0;
    //}

    activemq::library::ActiveMQCPP::initializeLibrary();
    {
    std::cout << "=====================================================\n";
    std::cout << "Starting the example:" << std::endl;
    std::cout << "-----------------------------------------------------\n";


    // Set the URI to point to the IP Address of your broker.
    // add any optional params to the url to enable things like
    // tightMarshalling or tcp logging etc.  See the CMS web site for
    // a full list of configuration options.
    //
    //  http://activemq.apache.org/cms/
    //
    // Wire Format Options:
    // =========================
    // Use either stomp or openwire, the default ports are different for each
    //
    // Examples:
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61616                      default to openwire
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61616?wireFormat=openwire  same as above
    //    tcp://127.0.0.1:61613?wireFormat=stomp     use stomp instead
    //
    // SSL:
    // =========================
    // To use SSL you need to specify the location of the trusted Root CA or the
    // certificate for the broker you want to connect to.  Using the Root CA allows
    // you to use failover with multiple servers all using certificates signed by
    // the trusted root.  If using client authentication you also need to specify
    // the location of the client Certificate.
    //
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.keyStore", "<path>/client.pem" );
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.keyStorePassword", "password" );
    //     System::setProperty( "decaf.net.ssl.trustStore", "<path>/rootCA.pem" );
    //
    // The you just specify the ssl transport in the URI, for example:
    //
    //     ssl://localhost:61617
    //
    std::string brokerURI =
        "failover:(tcp://192.168.10.143:61616"
//        "?wireFormat=openwire"
//        "&transport.useInactivityMonitor=false"
//        "&connection.alwaysSyncSend=true"
//        "&connection.useAsyncSend=true"
//        "?transport.commandTracingEnabled=true"
//        "&transport.tcpTracingEnabled=true"
//        "&wireFormat.tightEncodingEnabled=true"
        ")";

    //============================================================
    // set to true to use topics instead of queues
    // Note in the code above that this causes createTopic or
    // createQueue to be used in both consumer an producer.
    //============================================================
    bool useTopics = false;
    bool sessionTransacted = true;
    int numMessages = 1;
    bool useConsumer=true;
    bool useProducer=true;

    //int nSet=atoi(argv[1]);
    //if(1==nSet)
    //{
        //#define USE_COMSUMER

        
    //}
    //else
    //{
        //#define USE_PRODUCER

        //
    //}



    long long startTime = System::currentTimeMillis();
    
#ifdef USE_PRODUCER
    printf("当前 USE_PRODUCER \r\n");

    int numProducerMessages = 30;
    int nThreadNumber=10;
    vector<HelloWorldProducer *> vHelloWorldProducer;
    for(int i=0;i<nThreadNumber;++i)
    {
        HelloWorldProducer * producerTemp=new HelloWorldProducer(brokerURI, numProducerMessages, useTopics);
        vHelloWorldProducer.push_back(producerTemp);
    }

#endif
    
#ifdef USE_COMSUMER
    printf("当前 USE_COMSUMER \r\n");
    HelloWorldConsumer consumer(brokerURI, numMessages, useTopics, sessionTransacted);
    // Start the consumer thread.
    Thread consumerThread(&consumer);
    consumerThread.start();

    // Wait for the consumer to indicate that its ready to go.
    consumer.waitUntilReady();

#endif

    


#ifdef USE_PRODUCER
    // Start the producer thread.

    vector<Thread *> vThread;
    for(int i=0;i<nThreadNumber;++i)
    {
        HelloWorldProducer & ProducerTemp=*vHelloWorldProducer[i];
        Thread * threadTemp=new Thread(&ProducerTemp);
        vThread.push_back(threadTemp);
        threadTemp->start();
        ProducerTemp.waitUntilReady();

    }

    for(int i=0;i<vThread.size();++i)
    {
        Thread * threadTemp=vThread[i];
        //threadTemp->join();
    }
    while(1)
    {
        Thread::sleep(10);
    }

    //Thread producerThread1(&producer1);
    //producerThread1.start();
    //producer1.waitUntilReady();

    //Thread producerThread2(&producer2);
    //producerThread2.start();
    //producer2.waitUntilReady();

    //Thread producerThread3(&producer3);
    //producerThread3.start();
    //producer3.waitUntilReady();
#endif



    
#ifdef USE_PRODUCER
    // Wait for the threads to complete.
    //producerThread1.join();
    //producerThread2.join();
    //producerThread3.join();
#endif

#ifdef USE_COMSUMER
    consumerThread.join();
#endif

    long long endTime = System::currentTimeMillis();
    double totalTime = (double)(endTime - startTime) / 1000.0;

#ifdef USE_PRODUCER
    //producer1.close();
    //producer2.close();
    //producer3.close();

    for(int i=0;i<vHelloWorldProducer.size();++i)
    {
        HelloWorldProducer * ProducerTemp=vHelloWorldProducer[i];
        ProducerTemp->close();

        if(ProducerTemp)
        {
            delete ProducerTemp;
            ProducerTemp=NULL;
        }
    }

#endif
#ifdef USE_COMSUMER
    consumer.close();
#endif

    
   

    std::cout << "Time to completion = " << totalTime << " seconds." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "-----------------------------------------------------\n";
    std::cout << "Finished with the example." << std::endl;
    std::cout << "=====================================================\n";

    }
    activemq::library::ActiveMQCPP::shutdownLibrary();


    return 0;
}

// END SNIPPET: demo
复制代码

 

程序运行结果:

 

关于activemq-cpp 的Message 消息转换.

activemq-cpp 中的转换ActiveMQMessageTransformation.transformMessage 中是有相应的实现.

复制代码
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
bool ActiveMQMessageTransformation::transformMessage(cms::Message* message, ActiveMQConnection* connection, Message** amqMessage) {

    if (message == NULL) {
        throw NullPointerException(__FILE__, __LINE__, "Provided source cms::Message pointer was NULL");
    }

    if (amqMessage == NULL) {
        throw NullPointerException(__FILE__, __LINE__, "Provided target commands::Message pointer was NULL");
    }

    *amqMessage = dynamic_cast<Message*>(message);

    if (*amqMessage != NULL) {
        return false;
    } else {

        if (dynamic_cast<cms::BytesMessage*>(message) != NULL) {
            cms::BytesMessage* bytesMsg = dynamic_cast<cms::BytesMessage*>(message);
            bytesMsg->reset();
            ActiveMQBytesMessage* msg = new ActiveMQBytesMessage();
            msg->setConnection(connection);
            try {
                for (;;) {
                    // Reads a byte from the message stream until the stream is empty
                    msg->writeByte(bytesMsg->readByte());
                }
            } catch (cms::MessageEOFException& e) {
                // if an end of message stream as expected
            } catch (cms::CMSException& e) {
            }

            *amqMessage = msg;
        } else if (dynamic_cast<cms::MapMessage*>(message) != NULL) {
            cms::MapMessage* mapMsg = dynamic_cast<cms::MapMessage*>(message);
            ActiveMQMapMessage* msg = new ActiveMQMapMessage();
            msg->setConnection(connection);

            std::vector<std::string> elements = mapMsg->getMapNames();
            std::vector<std::string>::iterator iter = elements.begin();
            for(; iter != elements.end() ; ++iter) {
                std::string key = *iter;
                cms::Message::ValueType elementType = mapMsg->getValueType(key);

                switch(elementType) {
                    case cms::Message::BOOLEAN_TYPE:
                        msg->setBoolean(key, mapMsg->getBoolean(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::BYTE_TYPE:
                        msg->setByte(key, mapMsg->getByte(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::BYTE_ARRAY_TYPE:
                        msg->setBytes(key, mapMsg->getBytes(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::CHAR_TYPE:
                        msg->setChar(key, mapMsg->getChar(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::SHORT_TYPE:
                        msg->setShort(key, mapMsg->getShort(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::INTEGER_TYPE:
                        msg->setInt(key, mapMsg->getInt(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::LONG_TYPE:
                        msg->setLong(key, mapMsg->getLong(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::FLOAT_TYPE:
                        msg->setFloat(key, mapMsg->getFloat(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::DOUBLE_TYPE:
                        msg->setDouble(key, mapMsg->getDouble(key));
                        break;
                    case cms::Message::STRING_TYPE:
                        msg->setString(key, mapMsg->getString(key));
                        break;
                    default:
                        break;
                }
            }

            *amqMessage = msg;
        } else if (dynamic_cast<cms::ObjectMessage*>(message) != NULL) {
            cms::ObjectMessage* objMsg = dynamic_cast<cms::ObjectMessage*>(message);
            ActiveMQObjectMessage* msg = new ActiveMQObjectMessage();
            msg->setConnection(connection);
            msg->setObjectBytes(objMsg->getObjectBytes());
            *amqMessage = msg;
        } else if (dynamic_cast<cms::StreamMessage*>(message) != NULL) {
            cms::StreamMessage* streamMessage = dynamic_cast<cms::StreamMessage*>(message);
            streamMessage->reset();
            ActiveMQStreamMessage* msg = new ActiveMQStreamMessage();
            msg->setConnection(connection);

            try {
                while(true) {
                    cms::Message::ValueType elementType = streamMessage->getNextValueType();
                    int result = -1;
                    std::vector<unsigned char> buffer(255);

                    switch(elementType) {
                        case cms::Message::BOOLEAN_TYPE:
                            msg->writeBoolean(streamMessage->readBoolean());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::BYTE_TYPE:
                            msg->writeBoolean(streamMessage->readBoolean());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::BYTE_ARRAY_TYPE:
                            while ((result = streamMessage->readBytes(buffer)) != -1) {
                                msg->writeBytes(&buffer[0], 0, result);
                                buffer.clear();
                            }
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::CHAR_TYPE:
                            msg->writeChar(streamMessage->readChar());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::SHORT_TYPE:
                            msg->writeShort(streamMessage->readShort());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::INTEGER_TYPE:
                            msg->writeInt(streamMessage->readInt());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::LONG_TYPE:
                            msg->writeLong(streamMessage->readLong());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::FLOAT_TYPE:
                            msg->writeFloat(streamMessage->readFloat());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::DOUBLE_TYPE:
                            msg->writeDouble(streamMessage->readDouble());
                            break;
                        case cms::Message::STRING_TYPE:
                            msg->writeString(streamMessage->readString());
                            break;
                        default:
                            break;
                    }
                }
            } catch (cms::MessageEOFException& e) {
                // if an end of message stream as expected
            } catch (cms::CMSException& e) {
            }

            *amqMessage = msg;
        } else if (dynamic_cast<cms::TextMessage*>(message) != NULL) {
            cms::TextMessage* textMsg = dynamic_cast<cms::TextMessage*>(message);
            ActiveMQTextMessage* msg = new ActiveMQTextMessage();
            msg->setConnection(connection);
            msg->setText(textMsg->getText());
            *amqMessage = msg;
        } else {
            *amqMessage = new ActiveMQMessage();
            (*amqMessage)->setConnection(connection);
        }

        ActiveMQMessageTransformation::copyProperties(message, dynamic_cast<cms::Message*>(*amqMessage));
    }

    return true;
}
复制代码

 

 

 

5,activemq 的activemq broker cluster (activemq 集群).

 

可以参考:

http://bh-keven.iteye.com/blog/1617788

http://blog.csdn.net/jason5186/article/details/18702523

 

6,activemq.xml 中的配置和activemq Connection URIS 配置

 

http://activemq.apache.org/nms/activemq-uri-configuration.html

http://activemq.apache.org/tcp-transport-reference.html

 

是有相应介绍,但需要花一些时间去读.

 

 

 

//7,wireFormat=openwire 的几种方式.的优缺点.

//openwire,amqp,stomp,mqtt,ws